Sunday, June 3, 2012

Spider Facts

You know spider?I think i have a facts about the spiders.Let me show you!!!

Habitat: Desert and Scrubland Chille, Bolivia and Argentina
Body length: 13 to 16 cm
Type: Terrestrial 
Characteristic: The most common an popular pet, loved for it's docile nature

A common misconception

 The lantern fly's long, curved, flourescently-coloured mouthparts are more vivid than it's body, and was once thought to emit light, which gave rise to it's name. In reality, it does nothing of the kind.


 These seeds have a single 'wing' sprouting from both sides, in strong wind, these lightweight 'spinners' float free. When the wind drops, they spiral as they fall slowly. An example would be maple seed to spin through the air, often covering several kilometres. 

Are all scorpions dangerous???

 No, in fact, most scorpions are relatively harmless to humans and their sting will inflict no more pain or lasting side effects than that of a bee. Of the known scorpions, only about 50 species have venom that is neuro-toxic whereas only 25 species have sufficiently potent venom as to make them dangerous to humans.

Saturday, June 2, 2012

High Grade Chocolate

According to a survey conducted by the Chocolate Manufacturer's Association, Switzerland leads the world in chocolate consumption with 22.36 pounds (lbs) per person! Naturally therefore, Switzerland is at the cutting edge of chocolate production and innovation in 1875, Swiss chocolatier Daniel Peter was the first person to make bar of milk chocolate. In 1878, his countryman and fellow chocolatier Rudolph Lindt created a process called 'conching' which allowed for chocolate to be blended with other materials, diversifying tastes and textures.


Fondue is a sumptuous Swiss dish, created as a remedy for the bitter cold alpine weather. According to the tale, a group alpine residents were snowed in, and resorted to cooking cheese in wine. Hard bread was then dipped into this mixture,and the first fondue was created. As the dish's popularity increased, more people began dipping meat into the cheese concoction, then vegetables, and even fruits. In more recent times, a popular variation, the 'chocolate fountain' seen sometimes at buffet dessert tables, where diners can dip bits of fruit into hot chocolate.

Friday, June 1, 2012

Could the Parasaurolophus yell?

The Parasaurophus used the 'cranial crest' that stretches from their forehead to the rear of their head to release sounds. The crest is shaped like a curved tube and there is a bone located within it. Inside the bone, there are respiratory tubes that are connencted to the nasal bone, allowing the Parasaurophus to release sounds with the least effort.

'Egg-streme' facts

Why were there tiny spores on dinosaur eggs? 

All eggs have tiny respiratory pores on them, which allow oxygen, carbon dioxide and water to pass through. However, pores on dinosaur eggs were 15 times larger than birds as the carbon dioxide level of the prehistoric era was twice as high as that of the modern era. The eggs required bigger pores to allow them to obtain more oxygen.

How tall were dinosaurs?

Palaeontologists have discovered more than 400 types of dinosaurs and not all of them were as huge as the Brachiosaurus and Diplodocus. Some were only 18 centimetres tall, making them smaller than certain rodents but others measured up to 40 or 50 metres long equivalent to a 10 storey building.

The World's Tallest Tree

The Sequoias of the US are the world's tallest trees, boasting heights of up 112 metres, making some taller than the Statue of Liberty! These trees can take up to 400 years to grow to full size, and they can live up to 4000 years. So amazing, you can imagine how tall it is. 

Baobab: The Monkey Bread Tree

The Baobab tree, famous for it's appearence in Antoine de Saint-Exupery's famous children's book 'The Little Prince', is a tree that grows in the topic grasslands Africa.  It can reach up to heights of 20 metres, with a trunk diameter of up to 10 metres. The branches on the top of the tree will continue to grow sideways, vey much resembling roots. This is the reason why some Africans call it the 'demon tree' as it seems to be tree that has been uprooted and turned over by demons.

Index Fossils and Facies Fossils

Index Fossils

When a particular prehistoric creature only thrives in a particular era, it's fossil canbe used to deduce the soil's geological era. For instance,  if we uncover a fossil  of an ammonites in a layer ground, we can determine that layer existed as surface in the Mesozoic, as ammonites only lived during that era.  

Dinosaur FaCts

You know about dinosaur? You know the animal ancestor that live 65 million years ago. Ok ok if you don't know about dinosaur let me tell you a little bit a bout dinosaur.


Family: Tyrannosauridae
Discovery: North America 
Habitat: Land
Time: Late Cretaceous
Facts: The Tyrannosaurus was a large and vicious carnivorous dinosaur that used it's sturdy low jaw and powerful teeth to hunt smaller dinosaurs. The Tyrannosaurus had a huge head and rather small forelimbs, however researches have speculated that their forelimbs were extremely powerful, capable of easily lifting up to 200kg. Amazing right? As you want to know the Tyrannosaurus run very fast to catch their prey.


Family: Compsognathus
Discovery: Europe
Habitat: Land
Time: Late Jurassic
Facts: The Compsognathus was a dinosaur of small stature its name even means 'dainty jaww'. It's body measured at 70 to 80 centimetres, with a weight of only 3000 grammes and a head of a 6 to 7 centimetres. It is thought to be an agile creature, and survived on a diet of insects and little animal. 


Family: Diplodocidae
Discovery: North America
Habitat: Land
Time: Late Jurassic
Facts: The Seismosaurus measured at 40 to 50 metres and weighted over 10 tonnes. It is currently as the longest dinosaur ever known to exist. It had a long neck like a giraffe but it has longger neck than the giraffe. The long neck allowed the Seismosaurus eat leaves in high places, and it's whip like tail could have been used as a weapon to fend off predators.


Family: Plateosauridae
Discovery: Argentina
Habitat: Land
Time: Late Jurassic until Early Jurassic
Facts: At only 18cm long, it was perhaps the smallest dinosaur. To date, reaserchers have discovered Mussaurus nests consisting of 3 to 4 fossilised juvenile Mussaurus allowing us to understand better the growth and bone strutures changes in dinosaurs. The fossil are currently preserved in the Argentina Museum of Natural Sciences. 


Family: Pteranodontidae
Discovery: North America
Habitat: Coastal areas
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The word 'pterosaur' means 'winged lizard' and the Pteranodon  is one of the more famous pterosaurs. It's large wings spanned 8 metres. Even though our comic does not feature the tall crest on it's head, the Pteranodon is thought to have used it's crest to adjust direction and increase flying speed.


Family: Marine reptile
Discovery: Holland
Habitat: Ocean 
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Mosasurus  name means 'muse lizard'. Like lizards, they had two holes behind their eyes and sharp teeth in their jaws which allowed them to catch and feed on ammonites and other undersea creatures.


Family: Pachycephalosauria
Discovery: North America
Habitat: Hillside
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Stygimoloch is a recently discovered dinosaur with a few striking features, chief among them being the sharp, conical horns on top of it's head and it's sturdy skull, earning it the nickname 'the dinosaur with a head made of stone'. Palaeontologist speculate that it's head was an important weapon for them in vying for territory or seeking mates.


Family: Azhdarchidae
Discovery: North America
Habitat: Hillside
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Quetzalcoatlus was one of the largest pterosaurs to grace the prehistoric skies with a wingspan of 10 metres. When it was first discovered, palaeontologist named it after the Mesoamerican feathered serpent god, Quetzalcoati.


Family: Oviraptoridae
Discovery: Mongolia
Habitat: Land
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: It's name originates from the Latin for 'egg thief' because it like to steal other dinosaur egg for their food. It's length about 1.8 metres, its bird like jaw and dextrous hands were handy for holding the eggs it stole.


Family: Ceratopsidae
Discovery: North America
Habitat: Land
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: Triceratops means 'three horned face'. It was very large, between 9 and 12 metres in length, with the head accounting for 2 metres and weighed around 6 to 12 tonnes. Because of it's big horn and hard head, it was quite capable of defending itself against large meat eaters.


Family: Ornithonmimdae
Discovery: Mongolia
Habitat: Land
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Gallimimus is twice as large as the modern day ostrich. Not only did it's strong hind limbs allow it to balance it's body so that it's weight would not be centred in the upper body, effortlessly. Research has shown that the Gallimimus fed mostly on small insects and fruits.


Family: Archaeopterygidae
Discovery: germany
Habitat: Land
Time: Jurassic
Facts: The name 'Archaepteryx'  means 'ancient wing', and it's fitting name for the animal thought to be the missing link between dinosaurs and birds. It's also one of the first known prehistoric creatures to clearly have had feathers, and this has set off speculation that other dinosaurs might have also had feathers.


Family: Dromaeosauridae
Discovery: Mogolia, North America
Habitat: Land
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Deinonychus was weighed less than 80 kilogrammes and is considered a small dinosaur. However, it possessed a large brain, huge eyes, a long snout, sharp teeth and a sickle like claw that can be twisted 180 degrees, allowing it to capture it's prey swiftly. Research indicates that the Deinonychus had high intelligence levels, allowing them to hunt their prey in tightly coordinated packs.


Family: Marine reptile
Discovery: North America 
Habitat: Ocean 
Time: Cretaceous
Facts: The Elasmosaurus belongs to a species of dinosaurs with extremely long necks long enought to circle it's body twice. It's name means 'thin plate lizard' and it lived on a diet of fish and cuttlefish.


Family: Theropoda
Discovery: Thailand
Habitat: Land
Time: Late Jurassic
Facts: The Siamotyrannus was discovered in Thailand in 1996 and it's name means 'Siamese tyrant' (Siam is Thailand's old name). Measuring 5 to 6 metres in length, it was a carnivore that is Allosaurus and the Tyrannosaurus.

That's all for my 'DINOSAUR FACTS'. I hope you can learn about this dinosaur. <3 <3 <3